ENSCHEDE – Together with the University of Twente, Mennekes and Super B, AmperaPark is working on developing smart parking spaces. These smart parking spaces will contribute to the power supply of electric vehicles and surrounding buildings in a sustainable way by means of solar panels and batteries. In this way, grey parking spaces can be converted to green and smart energy sources.
Under the banner of the Top sector Energy, TKI Urban Energy is working on a CO2-free built environment by 2050. For this purpose, partnerships are formed between Dutch knowledge institutions and companies, with the aim of developing sustainable innovation. The University of Twente (UT), Mennekes, Super B and AmperaPark are working together on a smart parking space, which generates its own electricity by means of solar panels and stores locally in batteries. In this way, electric vehicles can be charged with electricity generated on site, even when the sun is not shining. The smart parking lot is connected to the energy network of surrounding buildings and thus supports the local energy grid.
Generating local energy with a sustainable parking space
The ‘electrification’ of heat supply and transport makes this support much needed. In order to prevent the disastrous effects of climate change and limit global warming, there needs to be a large reduction in CO2 emissions in the Netherlands. There must therefore be a transition from CO2 emitting fossil fuels to renewable energy. This renewable energy is mainly produced in the form of electricity. A switch from diesel and petrol cars to electric cars and houses heated not by gas, but by heat pumps. The current electricity infrastructure cannot handle this complete transition to electricity. Because people heat their homes at the same times and recharge cars, there is a big spike in demand. When the power grid collapses, it results in power outages. However, this network can be supported by generating and using local energy. Only the moment when the electricity is generated does not always correspond to the moment when it is actually needed: solar panels only generate electricity during the day, but people also want to charge their cars at night. In order to support the energy grid properly, it is therefore important that the generation, consumption and storage are coordinated.
The smart parking space
The smart parking space that the UT, Mennekes, Super B and AmperaPark are developing must provide a solution for this. Amperapark’s solar carports in the smart parking lot generate sustainable electricity and guarantee optimal use of public space. That electricity can be used to charge electric vehicles or support the local power grid. By storing the electricity in batteries, the smart parking system provides flexibility, allowing vehicles to be charged when the sun is not shining and the power grid can be supported when electricity demand is high. However, the electric vehicles do not only take power from the parking lot. For maximum flexibility, vehicle-to-grid (V2G) can be used to recover electricity from the electric vehicles. The first smart parking space will be realized this summer.